Nanjing is the ancient capital of China and now the capital of the Jiangsu province. It suffered tremendously during the Nanjing Massacre – the Japanese invasion on Nanjing that started in 1937 – as it was still the Chinese capital at the time. Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall commemorates those who died during the Japanese invasion. It was the first place I visited and, despite the fact that I had learnt a lot about the Nanjing Massacre before, the exhibitions still left me speechless.
Aside from The Memorial Hall, Nanjing’s Sun Yat Sen’s Mausoleum was the second place I longed to see. That is where Sun Yat Sen, the founder of the Republic of China, popularly referred to as “the father of China”, was buried. The mausoleum itself is one of the main attractions in Nanjing and, once you’re there, you can also marvel at stunning views of the Purple Mountains. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is very close to Sun Yat Sen’s Mausoleum and it is the tomb of the Zhu Yuanzhang (known as the Hongwu Emperor), the first emperor of Chinese Ming dynasty.
I do recommend seeing Nanjing City Wall and Fuzimiao – a good place for entertainment and trying local food. Once you are in Fuzimiao, you can easily reach Confucius temple within walking distance.
I wish I’d had more time in Nanjing – one day was definitely not enough to see all I wanted to see and I will certainly be back one day!